Here is a glossary of some of the terms used to describe the crimes under which offenders are booked. We have also linked to some real-life examples as a reference of of these charges being applied to offenders. Thanks to Indian Kanoon for their extensive documentation of the Indian Penal Code.
Attempt to murder: This is defined as an act that is committed knowing that if the act caused death, you would be guilty of murder.Indian Kanoon defines an example where person A purchases poison and mixes it in food intending to murder Z. If A places this food on Z's table or delivers it through a servant, this offence has been committed.
Culpable homicide not amounting to murder: This has been defined in the Indian Penal Code as an act done with the intention of causing death, or of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death. Here is an explanation of the section by The Times of India. The most famous case of people having been charged under this section is Bollywood actor Salman Khan's hit-and-run incident.
Robbery: Robbery is a form of theft in which the offender, during the act, causes, or attempts to cause, death or injury to the victim, according to Indian Law Cases.
Sexual harassment and molestation: This is a custom category we have created to combine two crimes: Assault with intent to outrage modesty of women, and insult to the modesty of women.
Assault with intent to outrage modesty of women: These crimes entail sexual harassment of women. The offenders booked under this section will have stalked women, committed acts of physically harassing women in a sexual way or molesting them (groping, etc).
Insult to the modesty of women: Offenders booked under this category will have passed lewd comments, made gestures or other such acts.
Hurt: Crimes in which the offender causes bodily harm through assault by various means including weapons, physical attack, etc.
Arson: The National Crime Records Bureau has clubbed three sections of the Indian Penal Code under arson: 435, 436, and 438. These deal with committing mischief with fire or explosive with intent to cause damage either to a house or other property.
Riot: Rioting has been defined as the use of violence of force by an unlawful assembly i.e. assembling together without valid permission.
Cheating: Cheating has been defined as the using dishonest or fraudulent means to get a person to deliver some property or to deceive him. One example would be if A puts a counterfeit mark of a brand on an article and sells it to B, who believes that the article is a genuine product of the brand.