We have classified the following crimes as violent crimes: murder, attempt to commit murder, culpable homicide not amounting to murder, kidnapping & abduction, and riots.
Rape, attempt to rape, dowry deaths have been categorized into crimes against women. Dowry deaths are counted separately in the Indian Penal Code and we have decided to follow the same nomenclature. See our notes about the data here.
Please note that all rates are per 100,000 people.
The chart below shows the rate of violent crimes in the entire country.
The charts below show the top ten cities in the country with the highest average crime rates of murder and attempt to murder, from 2011 to 2014. Patna has the highest murder rate — more than thrice the national average. Ranchi and Meerut follow suit, with rates double the national average.
This chart shows the cities with the highest kidnapping rates. You can also compare the rate of kidnapping in the cities with the national average. All of the top ten cities on the list are from north India.
Capital city Delhi tops the list. According to the lastest recorded data i.e. 2014, Delhi's kidnapping rate was six times the national average. Patna and Agra are second and third on this list.
This chart shows the cities with the highest riot rates. What is stunning is that the top five cities in this list are all from Kerala. The state, also called "God's own country", boasts a 100 percent literacy rate.
Here is how these crimes have been defined.
Attempt to murder: This is defined as an act that is committed knowing that if the act caused death, you would be guilty of murder.Indian Kanoon defines an example where person A purchases poison and mixes it in food intending to murder Z. If A places this food on Z's table or delivers it through a servant, this offence has been committed.
Culpable homicide not amounting to murder: This has been defined in the Indian Penal Code as an act done with the intention of causing death, or of causing such bodily injury as is likely to cause death. Here is an explanation of the section by The Times of India. The most famous case of people having been charged under this section is Bollywood actor Salman Khan's hit-and-run incident.
Riot: Rioting has been defined as the use of violence of force by an unlawful assembly i.e. assembling together without valid permission.